Note: For other varieties as well as sizes available please contact our team.

 

Carpinus L. – Hornbeam

 

Carpinus betulus

 

Habit

Medium-sized tree with a conical crown, becoming highly domed and rounded when mature, often has a twisted stem. Initially slow growing.

Size 10 to 20 (up to 25) m in high and 7 to 12 m in spread. Annual growth 35 cm in high, 25 to 30 cm spread.
Foliage Deciduous, alternate, ovate to oblong. Autumn colour is brilliant yellow. Leaves often remain on the tree until spring. 
Flowers

The plant is monoecious, male catkins are yellow, 4 to 7 cm long, before or during budding, female catkins are green, 3 cm long, inconspicuous, pollination by wind. 

Fruits Small nuts on 3-lobed bracts held in light green clusters. 
Roots Predominantly radial and horizontally spreading, up to 1.4 m deep, very high proportion of fibrous roots in topsoil layer and slightly intolerant of disturbance, very adaptable to different soil conditions. 
Site Sun/shade.
Soils Tolerant of most soils, moderately dry to moist, deep, acid to alkaline, but will also thrive on sandy and clay soils which arenot too poor in nutrients. Tolerates a high ground water table and short periods of flooding, but not waterlogged sites.  
Characteristics

Reliably hardy, grows back fast after hard pruning, tolerant of winds and heat, warmth loving, withstands summer droughts relatively well, leaves are good soil amelioration. Carpinus can reach of the age of 150 years.  

Hedging element 3 x tr, air-pot, container grown                        width x length x heighy (cm)         45x45x175

3 x tr, air-pot, wire rootballed                          width x length x heighy (cm)         60x100x200

4 x tr, air-pot, wire rootballed                          width x length x heighy (cm)         60x100x250

5 x tr, air-pot, wire rootballed                          width x length x heighy (cm)         60x100x275

Specimen trees, trained into box-shape

6 x tr, air-pot, clear stem 200-225                   high 250-300                                spread 150-200

Bonsai form

4x tr, air-pot,                                                   high 175-200                                spread 125-150

5 x tr, air-pot,                                                  high 200-250                                spread 200-250

Arch

6 x tr, in air-pot,                                              high 275-300                                spread 250-300

6 x tr, in air-pot,                                              high 275-300                                spread 225-250

 

 

 

Fagus L. – Beech


Sylvatica ,Common beech 


 

Habit

Large, broad, and round crowned tree, with strong branches hanging to the ground, in stands and in groups forming immense, straight stems.

Size 25 to 30 m in height. Free-standing, mature specimens are 25 to 30 m in spread. Annual growth is 50 cm in height and 40 cm spread. 
Bark

Young branches are grey –brown, becoming smooth and silver grey with age.

Foliage

Deciduous, alternate, broad elliptic to oval, 5 to 10 cm long, with 5 to 9 pairs of veins, wavy margins, juvenile leaves have silky hairs, later dark green, glossy and smooth above, hairy veins beneath. Autumn colour is bright yellow to red-brown.

Flowers

Plant is monoecious, numerous male flowers are held on long stalks in globose clusters; female inflorescences in twos. Flowers after 15 to 20 years, May.

Fruits

Always two nuts with one seed each, in bristly, horizontal or upright husks. Consumed in large quantities they are mildly poisonous (high content of oxalic acid).

Roots

The widely spreading, densely branching main side roots are very strongly developed. Of all the native woodland trees, beech trees have the most intense root penetration of the topsoil layer. The roots lie at a depth of 1 to 1.4 m on compacted soils and, with a high ground water table, the root-mass is often only 30 cm deep. On light, sandy soils the root system is occasionally twice the spread of the crown diameter.

The roots are extremely sensitive to compaction, covering, excavation, sealing with an impermeable material, changes in the ground water table and flooding.

Site

Sun/shade. 

Soils

Generally undemanding, but prefers moist, nutrient-rich, loamy soils with some lime, warm calcareous soils in positions of high atmospheric humidity are the optimum sites. Beech will also thrive to a satisfactory degree on mildly acid, poorer soils. 

Characteristics

Shade tree, tolerates much shade (beech will thrive at light levels of 1/60 of  full day light). Tolerant of frosts to minus 30°C, temperatures below that will cause damage to the crown and branches, slightly susceptible to damage by the late frosts. Sensitive to heat, loves high atmospheric humidity, suffers on waterlooged sites and in long periods of drought, sensitive to atmospheric and soil pollution. The sudden exposure of the trunk and branches to slight results in damage through sunburn. Beeches can reach an age of 300 to 400 years. 

Hedging plants

3 x tr, rootballed, in air-pot system   width x length x heighy (cm)           60x80x200

Bonsai form

7 x tr, air-pot,                                                      high 200-250               spread 150-200

Arch

6 x tr, in air-pot,                                                  high 275-300               spread 225-250

 

 

Taxus L. – Yew 

  

Taxus baccata

 

Habit

Small to medium-sized tree or shrub with an ovate to asymmetrical crown and short, often crooked stem. Branches are held horizontally to ascending, branchlets often hang. 

Size 10 to 15 m in high and 8 to 12 m in spread. Annual growth 25 cm in high, 20 cm spread.  
Bark Thin, red-brown, an old stems grey-brown, flaking in scales. 
Needles

Evergreen, needle-like, black-green, two-ranked, linear, tapering to a point, 1 to 3 cm long.

Flowers The plant is dioecious. Male strobili in yellow heads, female strobili are inconspicuous. March/April.
Fruits Red, fleshy aril enclosing the 6 to 7 mm long and 3.5 mm wide seeds.
Roots

Very deep-lying root system (Ehlers). Densely branched, dense fibrous roots.

Site Sun to partial shade.
Soils

Yew prefers moist, nutrient-rich, calcareous soils, but is generally tolerant of a range site conditions and thrives even on moderately dry, poor, midly acid soils, intolerant of strongly acid soil.

Characteristics Frost tolerant, on unfavorable sites it may suffer in extremely cold winters, lightly intolerant of late frost, has the lowest light requirements of  the native trees, prefers high humidity levels, good re-growth from old wood, withstands root competition from large trees, tolerates urban sites and wind, intolerant of sunny, dry sites in winter. Yewscan reach an age of more than 1000 years. 
Cone 6 x tr, in air-pot,                                          high 175-200                       spread 95

6 x tr, in air-pot,                                          high 225-250                       spread 95

Pyramide

6 x tr, in air-pot,                                          high 175-200                       spread 95

Hedging element

5 x tr., air-pot, container grown             width x length x heighy (cm)     70x90x160

Half standard cone-shaped, multi-stemmed

8 x tr, air-pot,                                             high 175-250                        spread 100-150

Half standard ball-shaped, multi-stemmed

8 x tr, air-pot,                                             high 175-250                        spread 100-150

Shaped

6 x tr, air-pot,                                             high 175-250                        spread 150-200